The Great Depression, a catastrophic economic downturn that began in 1929 and continued for a decade, left an indelible mark on American history. It was a time of immense suffering and hardship for millions of people. This worksheet provides a comprehensive overview of the Great Depression, its causes, impact, and some key figures associated with this tumultuous period in history.
I. Causes of the Great Depression
- Stock Market Crash of 1929
- Bank Failures
- Discuss the role of bank failures in exacerbating the economic crisis.
- Highlight the reasons behind widespread bank closures.
- Dust Bowl
II. The Impact on Society
- Unemployment and Poverty
- Homelessness and Hoovervilles
- Explain what Hoovervilles were and how they emerged.
- Discuss the challenges faced by the homeless population.
- Migration Patterns
III. Government Response
- New Deal Programs
- Social Security Act
- Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
IV. Key Figures
- Franklin D. Roosevelt
- Provide a brief biography of President Roosevelt.
- Explain his role in addressing the Great Depression.
- John Steinbeck
- Introduce the famous author and his connection to the Great Depression.
- Discuss the themes of his works, such as “The Grapes of Wrath.”
- Dorothea Lange
- Explain the role of photographer Dorothea Lange during the Great Depression.
- Showcase some of her iconic photographs.
The Great Depression was a tumultuous period in American history that reshaped the nation in profound ways. This worksheet has provided an overview of its causes, impact on society, government responses, and key figures associated with this era. Understanding the Great Depression is crucial for appreciating the resilience of the American people and the policies that emerged to prevent such a crisis from happening again.